Prachya Review, October 2016
Guest Editor : Manos Kounougakis (Greece)
Poetry Editor : Shafinur Shafin (Bangladesh)
Prose Editor : Anika Shah (Bangladesh)
Logo Design : Bidhan Saha (Bangladesh)
Cover Design : Girik Jain (India)
Illustrations done by Arpan Roy (India)
Table of Contents
Editorial – Winter 2016
The term “canon” has a religious origin. It referred to the books that were accepted by the Church as parts of the Bible. Later, this term was used by the literary critics in order to discriminate literary texts. More specifically, the canon included the texts that were deemed suitable to be discussed and analyzed in an academic environment. Critics claimed that those books represented the true essence of literature. They also stated that the texts, which did not belong to the canon, were inferior and did not deserve to be characterized as literary. Thiselitist approach was unfair towards numerous important books and literary traditions. Thus, many authors never received the recognition that they deserved during their lives. Moreover, the readers, manipulated by such conservative beliefs, missed the chance to immerse in significant novels, poems or stories.As a result, a fierce debate about the canon started in the 1960s. The opponents of the canon stated that it was biased due to the fact that it promoted Westernauthors and literary texts.
Fortunately, the canon considerably expanded in the last decades andincluded genres that were not regarded as “literary”. Scholars have been attracted to children’s writing, travel writing, fantasy or detective stories. Even subgenres have become a subject of study such as science fiction haiku or steampunk. Universities also became interested in literary traditions that were unseen such as, for example, the African-American literature or the literature of the Caribbean. They even focused on the literary production of minorities such as the immigrants’ production in the United States and other countries. Therefore, more and more readers begun to explore this new literary cosmos and became aware of the literary genres and traditions that flourish all over the world. As a result, literature has become universal. It has been transformed to a means of promoting common understanding.
In Prachya Review we are proponents of this change. We envision a worldwide literary tradition without borders. Our new issue is indicative of our goal as we have the honor to publish literary texts written by authors who come from all corners of the world including France, Myanmar, Nepal, Albania, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Canada, and Nigeria.We are also thrilled to have got the chance to include an interview of the celebrated Somali-American poet Ladan Osman. Moreover, the absence of a theme gave the authors and artists the opportunity to explore the themes that interest them the most, adding to the diversity. Thus, an interesting combination of literary works shapes this new issue. We hope you will enjoy it!